Controller Extension in Salesforce

An Apex class that enhances the functionality of a standard or custom controller is called a controller extender.

Controller Extension in Salesforce

A controller extension is a class of APEX that extends the functionality of a custom or standard controller. We use controller extensions:

  • When we want to add new functions.
  • When we want to use a default function and make a few changes in the functional flow.
  • When we want to build a VFP that applies for user permissions, even after a controller extension executes in system mode.


In This Tutorial, You Will Learn


How extensions can help you build advanced Visualforce Pages?

As discussed in the previous articles, Extensions has several benefits, it can have standard & custom controllers. In Extension, we can have one standard or custom controller and can have multiple classes. There are various scenarios in which we can use the extension. 

Business Scenario

We have a business scenario in which the standard & custom extensions should be explained in the Visualforce Page and the DML including in the Visualforce Page also.

#Apex Class For Business Scenario:

public class MyControllerExtensionExample5Feb{

    public static string message{get;set;} 
    public static string VariableForStoringAccountName {get;set;}
    public MyControllerExtensionExample5Feb(ApexPages.StandardController stdController) {
         //write any code which u want to execute at the start
    public static void ShowGreeting() {
        message = 'Welcome to Extension demo' ;
     public void mysave() {
        Account NewAccount = New Account();
        NewAccount.Name = VariableForStoringAccountName;
        NewAccount.industry = 'Chemical';
        insert NewAccount;

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Steps to create a Visualforce Page:

Log in to Salesforce → Setup → Build → Develop → Visualforce Pages(Click on it) → Click on New button

#Code for creating a Visualforce Page:

<apex:page standardController="Account" extensions="MyControllerExtensionExample">

    <apex:form >

         <apex:pageBlock title="Page Block 1"> 

            <apex:pageBlockSection title="Page Block Section 1 | Custom Controller Example" Columns="2"> 

                <apex:pageBlockSectionItem ><Apex:commandButton value="Greeting" reRender="id1" Action="{!ShowGreeting}"/></apex:pageBlockSectionItem>

                <apex:pageBlockSectionItem ><Apex:outPutLabel id="id1"> {!message} </Apex:outPutLabel> </apex:pageBlockSectionItem> 



      <apex:pageBlock title="Page Block 2"> 

            <apex:pageBlockSection title="Page Block Section 2 | Standard Controller Example" Columns="2"> 

                <apex:pageBlockSectionItem >New Company:<apex:inputField  value="{!}" required="False" /></apex:pageBlockSectionItem>

                <apex:pageBlockSectionItem ><apex:commandButton value="Standard Save" action="{!save}"/></apex:pageBlockSectionItem>



        <apex:pageBlock title="Page Block 3"> 

            <apex:pageBlockSection title="Page Block Section 3 | Using Custom code For Save" Columns="2"> 

                <apex:pageBlockSectionItem >New Company:<apex:inputText value="{!VariableForStoringAccountName}" /></apex:pageBlockSectionItem>

                <apex:pageBlockSectionItem ><apex:commandButton value="Custom Save" action="{!mysave}"/></apex:pageBlockSectionItem>






Controller Extension

Explanation of the Code Step By Step - With different sections:

Section - Page Block 1 - Custom Controller Example

  • extensions="MyControllerExtensionExample" [Defines the Apex Class]
  • page standardController="Account" - [The account Name]
  • page block title="Page Block 1" - [The section title]
  • page block section title="Page Block Section 1 | Custom Controller Example" - [The heading of the section]
  • commandButton value="Greeting" - [The button name]

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On pressing the button available on the screen, it will hit the APEX class and retrieve the message saved in it.

Controller Extension

Section - Page Block 2 - Standard Controller Example

  • pageBlockSectionItem >New Company:<apex:inputField - [Filed input area]
  • value="{!}" - [Object in which the data is saved]
  • required="False" - [The data is mandate at the account field to override this we use this function]
  • commandButton value="Standard Save" - [Button name]
  • action="{!save}" - [On button press the data should be saved]

Note: By default, Objects has 2 things that are common, the data and the save, delete, edit, and other functions.

On button press, the data will be saved to the Default “Account” Object.

Controller Extension

DML in APEX Class - Section - Page Block 3 - Custom Controller Example

  • pageBlock title="Page Block 1" - [The section title]
  • pageBlockSection title="Page Block Section 3 | Using Custom code For Save" - [The heading of the section]
  • commandButton value="Custom Save" - [Button name]
  • action="{!mysave}" - [On button press the data should be saved]

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Note: On button press, the code hits the Apex Class which is already saved by name “MyControllerExtensionExample5Feb” and with the variable name (binding between the Apex Class & Visualforce Page) “VariableForStoringAccountName”  and executes the code written in it and saves the data in Account Object.

Standard controller

In the next topic, we will discuss in detail “Batch Class in Salesforce”. Keep following us for more info on Salesforce Development/Programming.

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Last updated: 03 Apr 2023
About Author

Arogyalokesh is a Technical Content Writer and manages content creation on various IT platforms at Mindmajix. He is dedicated to creating useful and engaging content on Salesforce, Blockchain, Docker, SQL Server, Tangle, Jira, and few other technologies. Get in touch with him on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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