What is Split() Method in Python?

If you want to break a large string into a small number of strings (or) chunks, you can use string split() method in python. This method is totally different concatenation, which is used to merge and combine strings into one.

This split function divides the string into splits and adds data to the array string with the help of the defined separator. If there is no separator defined when you call the split function, by default, white space is used.

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Parameters of split:

Separator: Separator is defined as a character which is placed between every variable.

Max Split: It is a parameter in which the number is given that as the maximum number of splits should be done in a string. If this max split is not provided there is no limit for the splitting of a string.

Related Article: Python Array Examples

The default max limit will be “-1”, which is known as all occurrences.

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 Syntax:

str.split(separator, maxsplit)

Result: 

The result will be in the form of breakdown strings from the given string with the specified separator.

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Lets see some examples of how the split() function is defined in different types in python:

Split the string using space

txt =  " hi my name is David"
a  = txt.split()
print(a)

Split the string using the comma

txt   =   (" tea, coffee, milk") 
a  = text.split(",")
print(a)

Related Article: Python String Functions

Split the string using Hash(#)

txt  = "#orange#strawberry#grapes#banana"
a   = text.split("#")
print(a)

Output

['hi ', 'my name is David']
['tea',  'coffe ', 'milk' ]
['orange', 'strawberry', 'grapes', 'banana']

Split the string using Max split

txt    =  “hi, my name is David, I am a blogger”

#maxsplit  3
print(txt.split(‘ , ‘ ,3))

#maxsplit 2
print(txt.split(‘ , ‘ , 2))

#maxsplit  1
print(txt.split(‘, ‘ , 1))

#maxsplit  0
print(txt.split(‘. ‘, 0)

Output

[ ‘‘hi’, ‘ my name is David’, ‘I am a blogger’]
            [ ‘‘hi’, ‘my name is David’,   I am a blogger’ ]
            [ ‘‘hi’, my name is David, I am a blogger’ ]
            [‘hi, my name is David, I am a blogger’]

Conclusion

In this article, we have seen why the split() method is used in Python programming language and in how many cases split can be used. Hope you are clear with the concepts after going through this article. Please does comment if you have any suggestions.

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