Amazon Web Services is the world’s most trending and best-suited cloud platform, offering more than 175 fully-featured services. From the fastest-growing startups to the largest enterprises, leading government agencies, and there are millions of customers using the AWS platform to handle their data perfectly and grow their business without any hassle.
If you are not aware of what is AWS? How it helps businesses? Then this bog is for you. We have designed this blog for beginners to give an introduction to Amazon Web Services.
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What is Amazon Web Services - Overview
In this Amazon Web Services blog, you will learn the below topics:
- What is AWS? - Introduction
- History of AWS
- AWS Services
- Applications of AWS services
- Benefits of using AWS
So, let us begin with the AWS definition first, which I am going to talk about in the section below.
What is AWS? - Introduction to AWS
Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a cloud computing platform provided by Amazon. AWS services can offer an organization tools such as database storage, compute power, content delivery, and other user-friendly functionality services. to help businesses grow and perform better.
AWS is segregated into 25 global regions having multiple availability zones along with its server. These divided regions allow users to choose geographical limits for their services. AWS holds 31% of the global cloud market share and has a considerable server capacity. It offers flexible AWS pricing, which means a user has to pay money for the hours he/she rented it.
History of Amazon Web Services
AWS platform was launched in the year 2002, and after that, it kept on evolving and offering services to Its customers without fail. As of now in 2020, it has a total of 25 geographical regions. With time, it keeps on growing and fulfilling customers’ demands in the best possible way.
- 2002- AWS services launched
- 2004- SQS was launched
- 2006- Launched its cloud products
- 2012- Holds first customer event
- 2015- Reveals revenues achieved of $4.6 billion
- 2016- Surpassed $10 billion revenue target
- 2016- Release snowball and snowmobile
- 2019- Offers nearly 175 services
What are the Services Provided by AWS?
AWS has more than 175 services to offer its clients which is much more than the services provided by other cloud service providers. In this article, we would be covering some of the critical AWS services that are categorized under the following domains.
Services under the computing domain in AWS are all about high-end servers that are used to host a website, process backend data, etc.
Let us have a look at some of the essential services under compute domain:
AWS EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) offers you a server with desired OS, RAM, and processor where you have full control on OS to perform any operation.
Under lambda service, the user does not have full access to the OS and cannot host a website. It is used only for backend processing where it can receive the request, process it, and send back the result.
[ Related Article:- AWS Lambda ]
iii. Elastic Beanstalk
In AWS Elastic Beanstalk, the user gets a dashboard to upload websites. It is a Platform as a service, so the user does not have full access to the OS.
iv. Elastic Load Balancer
AWS load balancer balances the load among servers that are deployed at a particular instance. There are three types of load balancers -
- Classic load balancer: balances traffic among servers
- Application load balancer: balances traffic based on URL of applications
- Network load balancer: Balances traffic based on web protocol (HTTP, FTP etc.)
Autoscaling helps to increase or decrease the number of servers needed based on requirements for operation such as CPU usage, memory usage, network throughput etc.
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[ Related Article:- AWS Lambda Interview Questions ]
AWS offers storage plenty of choices to users for backing up information, archiving, and disaster recovery. Let us have a look at the list of the main services available under the storage domain on the AWS Cloud.
Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) stores files in the form of objects with a maximum size of 5 TB each.
AWS Glacier provides low-cost, flexible, durable, secure storage for data backup and archival where customers can store data as little as $0.004 per GB per month.
Amazon CloudFront speeds up the distribution of static and dynamic web content and delivers it through data centres called edge locations with the lowest latency.
iv. Elastic File System
AWS EFS (Elastic File System) is used to mount shared drives among multiple servers in the real-time.
v. Storage Gateway
AWS Storage Gateway helps users to access or store data on AWS with the lowest latency possible.
In this domain, AWS provides services that can help you monitor and manage your databases in the AWS infrastructure for better productivity. Services under Database are-
Amazon RDS (relational database service) is a service that manages your relational databases and keeps your information updated.
DynamoDB supports key-value and document data along with point-in-time recovery and on-demand backup.
AWS ElastiCache improves the performance of the application by caching the frequently required or queried data.
Amazon Redshift is a data warehouse service that offers mission-critical analysis for companies.
This domain deals with the transferring of data to and from the AWS infrastructure. There is a service called snowball used when you need to transfer your considerable data to the AWS infrastructure physically. For this, you will receive a physical device send by AWS to your location, and you have to upload your data on it and send it back to the AWS office.
[ Related Article:- AWS Architect Interview Questions ]
#5. Networking and content delivery
AWS offers the highest network availability amongst all cloud service providers to increase throughput with on-time content delivery and reduced network latency.
AWS VPC (Virtual private Cloud) allows users to launch their AWS resources into a virtual network.
ii. Direct Connect
AWS direct connect makes it easier to establish a network connection from the user's premises to AWS that reduces network costs and increases bandwidth throughput.
iii. Route 53
Amazon Route 53 is a scalable cloud DNS web service designed to offer a reliable way to route users to internet applications.
#6. Management Tools
Using these tools, you can manage all of your AWS resources on AWS infrastructure. There are some of the services given below that users can use to control and secure their data from getting into unauthorized hands.
[ Related Article:- What Is AWS Management Console? ]
AWS CloudWatch is a monitoring service that helps in monitoring the AWS account and resources in it.
AWS CloudFormation allows us to create a bunch of AWS resources through a single click. Using this tool, we can create a large architecture with a few clicks.
AWS CloudTrail provides event history on each and every AWS account-related activities along with auditing, compliance monitoring and governance,
AWS OpsWorks helps in managing and configuring servers on AWS using Chef and Puppet.
[ Related Article:- AWS vs Azure ]
#7. Security and Identity Compliance
This domain deals with user rights and authenticity. Services under this domain will help you manage what access should be given to which person in your organization or team. With the below-given services, a user can give needed access to the employees and secure his/her data.
AWS IAM (Identity and Access Management) allows users to access the resources in the AWS ecosystem.
AWS KMS (Key Management System) helps users to create and manage security keys to keep their data safe and secure.
[ Related Article:- AWS Interview Questions ]
What are the Applications of AWS Services?
- Website hosting
- Search Engines
- Social Networking
- Academic Computing
- Media Sharing (Image/ Video)
- Mobile and Social Applications
- Application hosting/SaaS hosting
- Development and test environments
- Content delivery and Media Distribution
- Storage, backup, and disaster recovery
[ Related Article:- What Is AMI In AWS ]
What are the Major Benefits of Using AWS Services?
It offers cost-effective services where you have to pay only for what you use. There is no long-term or upfront commitments.
- Users do not have to worry about the maintenance or running of data centers.
- Offers faster deployments.
- Offers high scalability, users can extend or reduce the capacity as per requirement.
- Users can deploy their application in several regions across the world within just a few clicks.
- It allows organizations/companies to use already known operating systems, databases, programming models, and architectures.
AWS is a subsidiary of Amazon that offers cloud computing services to individuals, companies, and governments. It is comprised of more than 165 services including storage, computing, networking, deployment, developer tools for the internet of things, and many more.
Hope you liked reading the article. If you have any queries, please drop the question in the comment box.
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